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Agave

Agavaceae Agave L.
 Sp. Pl. 1: 323. 1753 [1 May 1753]
   Native throughout the Americas, members of the Agave genus form large rosettes of thick leathery leaves usually with a sharp spine on the tip, and a spiny leaf margin.  Emerging from the center of the rosette, the flower spike ranges from just a few inches, to 5 feet wide and 30 feet tall, and taking up to 50 years to bloom in some cases.  After flowering, individual rosettes die, but generally produce plantlets or offsets.  Some species are very slow growing, and some can take extreme drought, and the juice from many species can cause acute contact dermatitis.  Agaves of various species have been traditionally used to make such things as fiber, teas, and most commonly known, tequila.
 
Agave americana (variegata)   L.
Sp. Pl. 1: 323. 1753 [1 May 1753]
Century Plant -
very low water requirement full sun exposure
   Agave americana is a striking landscape plant, that tolerates intense heat and drought when established. It has huge rosettes of distinct yellow margined leaves that can reach up to six feet long.  Each leaf develops a sharp spine at the tip, and sharp teeth down the margins.  Native to tropical regions of the Americas and West Indies, this tough succulent develops a large six to twenty foot tall flower stalk with large fragrant whitish flowers, but only after twenty years or more.  This plant can be grown in containers, however it will quickly outgrow it because when mature it will reach over 5' tall and could be 12' wide.
 
Agave parryi   Engelm.
Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis iii. (1875) 311.
very low water requirement full sun exposure



   Native to Arizona and Mexico, A. parryi is recognized for its broad bluish gray green leaves with a reddish brown toothed margin and terminal spine.  After 20 to 30 years it produces creamy yellow blooms.
 
Agave potatorum  Zucc.    
Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 16(2): 675. 1833
low water requirement
 




   Native to Mexico
 
Agave  victoriae-reginae   T. Moore
Gard. Chron. n.s., iv. (1875) II. 485.
(Agave consideranti, Agave nickelsii)
very low water requirement full sun exposure
 



    Native to Mexico.
   
 
Agave  victoriae-reginae  variegated
very low water requirement part shade exposure
 
   
 
Agave weberi  Cels ex Poiss.    
Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) vii. 231 (1901).
low water requirement
 




   Native to Mexico
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Agave
Agave page last updated: April 17, 2010.